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What motion sensor do I need?

What motion sensor do I need?

Ensuring you pick the right sensor for your project is essential to ensuring your overall system functions as expected.

Faradite motion sensors are designed to connect to low voltage smart home / building automation control systems. Our sensors are not designed to turn on/off 240V AC lights directly; they are designed to be connected to a control system. Which will then in turn, turn lights on or off, boost the heating or any other function the integrator wishes to trigger from the motion detected event.

Almost all home, building and lighting controllers on the market have an input available for simple devices that simply report their status by turning on/off. This enables the integrator to integrate motion sensors, door contacts, push buttons etc into the overall smart home automation solution.

TYPES OF INPUTS

These inputs are referred to by many names, depending on the controller used (digital inputs, contact closures and contact inputs etc). For the rest of this blog, we will generically refer to these as “inputs”.

There are two types of input:

  1. Voltage detection – these types of input measure the voltage signal of the connected device, typically looking for a ~12-24V signal
  2. Dry Contact / Volt Free – these inputs detect if there is a complete circuit between two terminals

The diagram below shows how these two types of input would typically be wired.

 

Please note that with some controllers you will be able to specify if the input is in voltage detection or closure detection mode, when other systems are fixed to one or the other. Please refer to the manufactures' guidance about which type of input your control system expects.

ANALOG INPUTS

Some control systems have analog inputs for use with sensors that have a variable value rather than just 'on/off'. These inputs typically take a voltage between 0-10V. The Faradite Motion Sensor 360 (LUX 0-10V) sensor has a 0-10V light sensor output that can be connected to these inputs.

But be careful - don’t confuse these 0-10V inputs with 0-10V outputs which are typically used in some older systems to dim lighting ballasts.

The Faradite Motion Sensor 360 (LUX 0-10V) has a 0-10V output and can be mapped as follows: 0V = 0 LUX and 10V = 1000 LUX.

Typically, the controller is programmed to make use of this value i.e. only turn on the lights when the motion detected event is triggered if the LUX level is lower than 300 LUX (3V).

VOLT FREE vs DRY CONTACT

To avoid any confusion, there are two main terms used to refer to a device that has a switch or relay with both of its terminals exposed for connection; volt free or dry contact. These terms can be used interchangeably, and, for the remainder of this blog, we will refer to this type of connection exclusively as volt free.

NORMALLY OPEN VS NORMALLY CLOSED

There are two types of volt free devices, 'normally open' and 'normally closed'. Normally open devices are turned off (i.e. no connection between the terminals) when in their default state, when triggered they close and a connection is made. Normally closed devices are the opposite; they are normally closed and when triggered they open. All Faradite’s motion sensors are normally open.

If the control system being used expects a normally closed input then there is generally an option either on the controller or in the controllers' software to invert the input. Care should be taken to select the right type of input when programming the system to avoid any odd behaviour during commissioning.

TIMEOUT

Our sensors have a ~1 second timeout so that after the subject has stopped moving or moved outside the detection cone, the sensor will return to an open state after 1 second.

We therefore recommend using a timer in the control software to turn the light off after a set duration of time, depending on the controller this might require a timer to be implemented in the control logic. Some controllers have the timer functionality built into the lighting control logic and therefore one simply must adjust the software parameters to suit. Please see the manufactures' guidance on how to use volt free motion sensors for more information.

CHOICE OF SENSOR

The table below shows our two sensors and their compatibility with the various types of input that we have discussed in this blog. 

So, to conclude, the choice of sensor is simply based on the type of input that the controller expects. If you are unsure which sensor is most suited to your project, please don’t hesitate to get in contact and we will be more than happy to advise.

If you need any more support, don’t hesitate to get in touch with the technical team.

Using a Faradite TAP-5 with Loxone Tree

Using a Faradite TAP-5 with Loxone Tree

The release of the Loxone Nano DI Tree last week means that the TAP-5 switch plate can now be connected to the Loxone Tree infrastructure, making the installation of the TAP-5 incredibly quick and easy. The Nano DI Tree module sits neatly in the back box behind the TAP-5 and takes seconds to connect.

Loxone Tree technology offers an easy and flexible way to wire your Loxone Smart Home. Tree is a bus technology meaning that you can connect 50 devices on one single CAT cable.

With six digital inputs, the Nano DI Tree module can connect to the TAP-5's five digital outputs and still has one digital input remaining to connect another device, such as a motion sensor. This means you only need one Nano DI Tree per room, which is pretty neat. 

Loxone's Nano DI Tree uses four cores from a standard CAT cable, enabling you to connect the TAP-5 1-wire temperature sensor on two (GND & 1-wire) of the remaining four cores. 1-wire is a bus technology like Tree, allowing you to string lots of TAP-5s on a single CAT cable.

With the launch of Tree, a new era of smart home technology has begun. Try connecting your Faradite TAP-5 to a Nano DI Tree today and see just how easy it is!

Click here for a full wiring diagram

 

The TAP-5 is future proof

The TAP-5 is future proof

The TAP-5 can be configured to control anything connected to your Loxone system, this includes Music, Lights, Shading, Alarm etc... Your home automation specialist will be able to advise on suitable functionality and button layout.

If you change your mind in a few years and want to add another music zone, for example, simply ask your home automation specialists to reprogramme Loxone. Your TAP-5 can now control the new Sonos Play 1 you brought for your bedroom.